Research Priority as the Problem of Bibliometric Studies

Mazov Nikolai Alekseevich

Head of Information Analysis Center
Institute of petroleum Geology and Geophysics SB RAS

Gureev Vadim Nikolaevich

Senior researcher
Institute of petroleum Geology and Geophysics SB RAS

Glinskikh Viacheslav Nikolaevich

Head of laboratory
Institute of petroleum Geology and Geophysics SB RAS

Priority research areas from the standpoint of bibliometric studies Mazov N. And.1,2, Gureev V. N. 1,2, Glinskikh V. N. 1 1Institute of petroleum Geology and Geophysics. A. A. Nikolay, SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia; 2Государственная public scientific technical library of SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia The identification of research fronts and the identification of priority areas is one of the most important problems in the sociology of science and science policy and is crucial to the planning of scientific activities. Bibliometric approaches are the major tools in the determination of scientific fronts, which subsequently carrying out the assessment of priorities. To date, to identify the fronts of the developed approaches based on the analysis of publicity, citation analysis and content analysis. The most common citation analysis, with its varieties: a direct citation analysis, analysis of bibliographic cocainomane and method combinations. The report discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each methods and their applicability to identification of various stages in the development of promising research directions. Describes the current problems in the search for scientific fronts and priorities related to publication lag, the limitations of bibliographic databases, the sampling, the deviation on the stages of the review of important publications with an unusual methodology or unexpected results, the displacement of the fronts in the direction of popular and international topics. Analysis of the literature over the past 30 years allowed the authors to draw a conclusion on high degree of objectivity, bibliometric approaches to identify research fronts and promising areas, especially when combining different types of bibliometric analysis and use a special software to visualize results. The prospect of further use of bibliometry in this direction underlines its flexibility and ability to adapt quickly to changing conditions of functioning of science and new publishing models for the dissemination of information. The study was performed with financial support RFBR, research project 19-011-00531. Research Priority as the Problem of Bibliometric Studies Mazov N. A. 1,2, Gureyev V. N. 1,2, Glinskikh V. N. 1 1Trofimuk Institute of Petroleum Geology and Geophysics, SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia; 2State Public Scientific Technological Library SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia Research fronts detection and research priority setting are one of the most significant problems in the science of science and scientific policy due to the crucial importance when planning research. Bibliometric approaches are the main tool when detecting research fronts providing the basis for further expertise of research priority. To date, different approaches are developed for research fronts including detection analysis of scholarly output, citation analysis, and content analysis. The most spread is citation analysis and its variants, i.e., direct citation analysis, co-citation analysis, and bibliographic coupling. The report discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each method, their applicability to the detection of various phases of promising research areas. Current issues of detecting research fronts and priority setting of research are described including publication lag, limitations of the use of bibliographic databases when drawing a sample, declining of significant papers with non-standard methods or unexpected results, and bias of research towards popular fronts and/or international topics. A literature review covering the last 30 years enabled us to conclude that bibliometric approaches for the detection of research fronts and research are priority objective, especially when combining different forms of bibliometric analyses and using dedicated software to visualize the results. Bibliometrics seems to be the most promising approach due to its flexibility and capability to be rapidly adapted to a dynamic scientific environment and new publication models. The reported study was funded by RFBR according to the research project [No 19-011-00531].