A causal relationship to use of results of intellectual activity
Tcukerblat Dmitrii Mironovich
State Public Scientific Technological Library of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Cooperation of RAS institutes, universities and industrial enterprises on the creation and use of results of intellectual activity (RIA) usually differs in the following causal relations: So, the first way works on the principle of "push", when the scientific activity of employees of scientific research institutes of the University are performed according to own development plans, the type of open innovation. As a result of such works created samples of the new high-tech products, the implementation of which requires significant expenses, changes in technological cycle, and therefore demand first small innovative enterprises producing a single product. To created in the course of performing such studies REED became in demand by large industrial enterprises, it is necessary to conduct targeted work on finding customers, networking, the emergence of information and determine whether additional research and development. The main success factor of such projects is to use public-private partnerships and design-cluster funding. In such cases, with high probability we can expect the conclusion of a license agreement between NII and the company for the right to use intellectual property (IP). The second way it works on the principle of "traction". This way commercialization of IP and the IP suggests that the initiative comes from the enterprise, ordering R & d from research institutes or University, concluding with a research Institute or University, a contract to perform R & d related to the solution of applied tasks of a specific customer. Industrial enterprises usually do not order the development of entirely new products. Often the result of R & d is the improvement of already manufactured products and existing technology. There are examples where the result of R & d may be the decision on expediency or inexpediency of the test substance, material, technical solutions in the business processes of the customer, confirmed by calculations of the economic effect. In this case the IP created in the performance of R & d under the contract shall belong to the customer. Research institutes and universities have been and remain major sources of innovative ideas and technologies.