The creation and development of system of library branches and bases of the USSR before the war

Levner Mikhail Veniaminovich

Head Of Department
Library for natural Sciences of RAS

Vinogradova Natalia Andreevna

Chief librarian of the department of rare editions and archival documents
Library for Natural Sciences of the RAS

The analysis of how the decision of the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences in may 1931, it was decided to proceed with the creation of a number of comprehensive research bases of the USSR and a network of research stations across the Soviet Union: The Urals, the far East, the Baikal lake, in Azerbaijan, Georgia, Armenia, Kazakhstan, etc. When newly opened research organizations were necessarily libraries, manning and methodical work in which led a Sector of a network of special libraries, which in 1973 was created the Library for natural Sciences of the USSR. In January 1932, the country's leadership makes the decision "to approve the organization of comprehensive research bases of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR in Sverdlovsk ... without appropriation of additional funds...". At the end of the year, we created far Eastern Branch, USSR Academy of Sciences, it included the library. In 1933 was established the Transcaucasian branch offices in Armenia and Azerbaijan, which in 1935 had been divided into Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia. In 1934, the Khibiny mountain station of the USSR was transformed into the Kola research base of the USSR Academy named after S. M. Kirov. Creates a Limnological station on lake Baikal. Describes the methods and dynamics of processes of acquisition of libraries at established research institutions, methodological guidance from the Library of the Academy of Sciences in Leningrad and its departments in Moscow – Sector network of special libraries.